We're All In This Together.
Canada exports more than 90% of the canola we produce, and shipments containing even the smallest amount of unacceptable residues or de-registered varieties can be rejected, causing millions of dollars in losses and placing future business at risk. Don’t spoil the bunch. Produce export-quality canola and protect Canada’s reputation as a quality supplier by following these guidelines closely.
Five Simple Tips to Keep Your Canola Ready for Market
1. Use Acceptable Pesticides Only
Only apply pesticides that are both registered for use on canola in Canada and won’t create trade concerns. Talk to your grain buyer to ensure the products you are using are acceptable to both domestic and export customers.
2. Always Read and Follow the Label
Always follow the label for rate, timing and pre-harvest interval (PHI). The PHI is the number of days that must pass between the last application of a pesticide and swathing or straight combining. Applying pesticides or desiccants without following label directions may result in unacceptable residues.
See the provincial Guides to Crop Protection for more information and visit spraytoswath.ca for more info.
3. Grow Disease-Resistant Varieties and Use Practices that Reduce Infection
Crop diseases like blackleg in canola can cause yield and quality losses, impact profitability and may create a market risk. Follow these blackleg disease management tips:
- Maintain a break between canola crops to allow time for crop residue to decompose. If blackleg becomes established, a minimum break of two to three years is recommended.
- Scout canola fields regularly for blackleg symptoms and prevalence to help determine the effectiveness of your blackleg management plan.
- Plant only canola varieties rated R (resistant) or MR (moderately resistant) to blackleg. Rotate varieties to bring a mix of blackleg resistance genes and sources to the field over time.
- Consider applying a fungicide from the cotyledon to 4-leaf stage if in a higher risk situation for the disease.
- Control volunteer canola and other Brassica weeds (stinkweed, shepherd’s purse, wild mustard, flixweed) to prevent blackleg build up during non-canola years.
4. Store Your Crop Properly
Proper storage helps to maintain crop quality and keeps the bulk free of harmful cross contaminants.
- Make sure your storage bins are free of treated seed and animal protein like blood meal and bone meal.
- Clean bins thoroughly prior to storing your crop.
- Only use approved bin treatments (e.g. diatomaceous earth on cereals).
- Never use malathion to prepare canola for storage or to treat bins used to store canola. Its residue can linger for up to six months, so choose your canola storage bin carefully.
- Condition crops to moisture and temperature levels safe for long-term storage.
- Keep bins cool, dry, well-ventilated and check their condition regularly.
5. Deliver What You Declare
When you sign the mandatory Declaration of Eligibility affidavit at the elevator, you are making a legal assertion that your crop is the variety and/or class you have designated. It also states whether your grain may contain residues of any crop input product specified in the declaration.
This declaration is a legally binding document and incorrect information, intentional or unintentional, can be traced back to the farm and individuals can be held liable for the costs associated with contamination of a bin or shipment.
Do not seed these de-registered varieties or any seed produced from them, and don’t deliver them to a Canadian elevator or crushing plant. For treated seed, contact provincial authorities or municipal landfill for disposal. pdf De-registered varieties over the last 20 years (265 KB) include the following:
- Roundup Ready Polish (B. rapa): Hysyn 101rr
- Bromoxynil tolerant: 295bx, Armor Bx, Cartier Bx, Zodiac Bx, Renegade Bx
- Liberty Link (B. napus): Exceed, 2631 Ll, Swallow, Sw Legion Ll, Sw Flare Ll, Lbd 2393 Ll, Innovator, Independence, Hcn 14, Phoenix, 3850, 2153, 3640, 3880, 2163, 2273
- Clearfield tolerant: 46a76
For more information, visit CFIA’s database of registered varieties and proposed list of variety registration cancellations.
Let’s All Do Our Part To Maintain Canada’s Reputation As A High Quality Canola Supplier.
Growers play an important role in keeping canola markets open. Read more about canola market access here.