Resources to grow market-ready crops

We’re all in this together! Do your part to protect the quality and reputation of Canadian crops and help keep markets open for all. Follow the Keep it Clean 5 Simple Tips below to ensure your canola, cereals and pulses are ready for market.

5 Simple Tips to keep your crop ready for market

Simple Tip #1:

Use Acceptable Pesticides Only

Only apply pesticides that are both registered for use on your crop in Canada and won’t create trade concerns. Talk to your grain buyer to ensure the products you are using are acceptable to both domestic and export customers.

Learn more about acceptable pesticides and see the 2020 products of concern for cereals and pulses.

Simple Tip #2:

Always Read and Follow the Label

Always follow the label for application rate, timing and pre-harvest interval (PHI). Applying pesticides or desiccants without following the label directions is illegal and may result in unacceptable residues.

For example, glyphosate should only be applied for pre-harvest weed control once grain moisture is less than 30% in the least mature areas of the crop. Applications made before the correct stage increase the risk of unacceptable residue in the grain; refer to the Keep it Clean Pre-harvest Glyphosate Staging Guide.

PHI is the number of days that must pass between spraying a pesticide or desiccant and cutting the crop by swathing or straight-cutting. Canola and pulse growers can use the interactive Spray to Swath Interval Calculator to know when it’s safe to cut your crop after spraying or to find a product to suit a specific timeline.

Illustration showing PHI as the number of days between spraying and swathing or straight-cutting the crop

Simple Tip #3:

Manage Disease Pressures

An integrated disease management plan is important to maintain yield and profitability and can help protect Canada’s reputation as a supplier of high-quality canola, cereals and pulses. Diseases like blackleg in canola and fusarium head blight (FHB) in cereals may also create a market risk.

Protect your investment by following these disease management tips for all crops:

  • Grow disease resistant varieties when available.
  • Consider applying an appropriately timed fungicide when there is an elevated risk of disease.
  • Plan crop rotations to manage disease.
  • Plant clean seed and consider a seed treatment under high-risk conditions to improve plant stand and crop competitiveness.
  • Control volunteer plants, weeds and other susceptible hosts of the disease.
  • Use an integrated pest management approach.

Additional considerations for blackleg in canola:

  • Maintain a break between canola crops to allow time for residue to decompose – a minimum break of 2 to 3 years is recommended.
  • Scout fields regularly for blackleg symptoms and incidence to help determine the effectiveness of your blackleg management plan.
  • Plant only R (resistant) and MR (moderately resistant) varieties; rotate varieties to bring a mix of resistant genes and sources to the field.

For more information on blackleg and FHB:

Simple Tip #4:

Store Your Crop Properly

Proper storage helps to maintain crop quality and keeps the bulk free of harmful cross-contaminants.

  • Make sure your storage bins are free of treated seed and animal protein like blood meal and bone meal.
  • Clean bins thoroughly prior to storing your crop.
  • Only use approved bin treatments (e.g. diatomaceous earth on cereals).
  • Never use malathion to prepare canola for storage or to treat bins used to store canola. Its residue can linger for months, so do not store canola in a bin treated with malathion in the current growing season.
  • Condition crops to moisture and temperature levels safe for long-term storage.
  • Keep bins cool, dry, well-ventilated and check their condition regularly.

Read Practice Safe Storage to Prevent OTA in Cereals to learn more about how to reduce mycotoxin formation in stored grain.

Simple Tip #5:

Deliver What You Declare

When you sign the mandatory Declaration of Eligibility affidavit at the elevator, you are making a legal assertion that your crop is the variety and/or class you have designated and that it was not treated with the crop input products specified in the declaration.

The Declaration is a legally binding document and any incorrect information, intentional or unintentional, can be traced back to the farm and individuals can be held liable for the costs associated with contamination of a bin or shipment.

Canola

Do not seed these de-registered varieties or any seed produced from them, and don’t deliver them to a Canadian elevator or crushing plant. For treated seed, contact provincial authorities or municipal landfill for disposal.

De-registered varieties include:

  • Liberty Link (B. napus): Exceed, 2631 LL, Swallow, SW Legion LL, SW Flare LL, LBD 2393 LL, Innovator, Independence, HCN 14, Phoenix, 3850, 2153, 3640, 3880, 2163, 2273
  • Roundup Ready Polish (B. rapa): Hysyn 101 RR
  • Bromoxynil tolerant: 295BX, Armor BX, Cartier BX, Zodiac BX, Renegade BX
  • Clearfield tolerant: 46A76

pdf See the full list of de-registered varieties over the last 20 years here. (265 KB)

For more information, visit CFIA’s database of registered varieties and proposed list of variety registration cancellations.